Every cable enthusiast and user knows the importance of wire harness assemblies. Wire harness assemblies are the best fit for simple household electronics to large-scale industrial machinery applications. The standard body in check for electronic appliances recommends the harness for wires because of its durability and versatility. Before you consider buying one for your project, you should know more to make the right choice. This article presents the ultimate guide to wire harness manufacturing.
Table of Contents
- 1. Wire Harness Manufacturing–Production Automation Buyers Need To Provide Clear Design Drawings
- 2. Wire Harness Manufacturing–Types of Wire Harness
- 3. Wire Harness Manufacturing–Voltage and Current Capacity (Within Safe Limits)
- 4. Wire Harness Manufacturing–Sheathing, Conducting, and Insulators
- 5. Wire Harness Manufacturing–Environmental Endurance
1. Wire Harness Manufacturing–Production Automation Buyers Need To Provide Clear Design Drawings
The design of the wire harness is usually particular to particular applications. Product automation buyers must provide design drawings to their manufacturers for custom solutions. Nevertheless, this will not only help improve the effectiveness of their cables. Instead, it ensures the durability of the cables.
The aviation and automotive industries have a high demand for custom cabling solutions. Hence, they must consult reliable manufacturers before choosing one for their projects.
(Wire Harness in the Automotive Industry)
2. Wire Harness Manufacturing–Types of Wire Harness
2.1 Select the Material for the Harness
A branch harness enclosed material such as PVC. The PVC helps to protect the inner wire conductors and insulators from mechanical damage. Also, PVC helps to prevent electromagnetic interference(EMI) compromise.
Vinyl is another popular material used for jacketing and cable insulation. It has a unique advantage of toughness and rigidity, which makes it perfect for harsh environments.
Polyethylene, also known as PE, is one of the most common plastic materials today for cables. Polyethylene typically has high dielectric strength. As such, it is a perfect material for cable construction.
Polyurethane, also known as PUR, is an essential material used for cable sheathing. Like polyethylene, it also offers high dielectric strength and is durable. Also, it can withstand high thermal conditions.
2.1.5 Thermoplastic Elastomer
Thermoplastic elastomer, also known as TPE, is an essential component for cable design. However, due to its ideal properties, it usually appears in cable insulation and sheathing.
2.2 Length and Size of the Wire
Cables come in different sizes and lengths, which often determines the purchase cost of the cables. As such, users must always strike a balance between quality and cost when purchasing cable wires. PVC is cheaper than polyethylene. Hence, a longer cable made from PVC will cost less than polyethylene.
2.3 Functions of The Wire Harness
The functions include the following.
One of the merits of the wire harness is that it saves time during the production and installation process. The lacing holds the wires in the open bundle wire harness. Unlike an unassembled wire harness, a custom harness removes the need to have a single lacing system.
2.3.2 Wire Ties
Wire ties provide a strong and flexible binding. As a result, this allows pulling the tape in one direction.
2.3.3 Custom Colors
Custom colors are mechanisms for fast identification. Nevertheless, one function of the wiring assembly is the fact that you can label them. Also, you can color-code them to enable faster identification in the installation process.
2.3.4 Individual Tagging
Custom tagging is a mechanism for fast identification during production. The user or the wholesalers usually request this.
2.3.5 Heat-Shrink Coatings
Generally, every cable harness you purchase should perfectly fit the space and environmental requirements in which it will work. The heat-shrink coatings are not perfect for the hot environment. However, they are an essential innovation in the medical environment because of their special design.
2.3.6 Independent Circuit IDs
This circuit ID describes a manufacturer-specific identifier assigned to cabling solutions. Hence, they help users to identify solutions to their cabling projects easily.
(Independent Circuit IDs)
2.3.7 Four-Color Ink Stamping
The Four-color ink stamping is custom-grade wiring. The ink stamping gets used for identification beyond the lovely colors of the standard cables. Generally, the over braids come in a wide range of colors, which serve as a means of identification.
2.3.8 Custom Labeling or Barcoding
Custom labeling defines the company brand. Also, this customization allows users to choose manufacturers that they trust easily.
2.3.9 Polypropylene, Nylon, and Paper Fillers
Another importance of the wiring harness is to ensure the quality of the products that come off the production line. You must note this when managing the use of wire assemblies in the manufacturing process. Often, Polypropylene, Nylon, and Paper fillers make the installation process very simple. However, the producers’ responsibility is to carry out the quality test before disbursing to the consumers.
2.3.10 Custom Shielding
Custom shielding is an important process that manufacturers perform on cables to protect them from electromagnetic interference. This shielding typically involves incorporating one or more layers of special materials into the cables. As a result, they can achieve safe data transmission easily.
(Custom Shield Cables)
126.96.36.199 Foil Shield
Foil-shielded cables feature a thin layer of aluminum, which is attached to a polyester carrier. The polyester offers durability, while the aluminum shield offers protection from EMI.
188.8.131.52 Metal Braiding Shield
The metal shielding is alloy covered with insulators. These are permanent coverings. However, they are not all flexible to make a snake arrangement in the computing house.
184.108.40.206 Spiral or Servo Shield
These are the best types of harnesses to use in automobiles because they are flexible and easy to replace. Also, they are cost-effective and have good properties.
220.127.116.11 Tape Shield
The tape shield fitted harness is a flat compressible harness. It compresses all the wires to create enough space for other cables to run.
18.104.22.168 Combined Shield
The combined shielding cable is a harness assembly that has all the qualities of other shielding types. Therefore, this is for extreme use (in harsh environmental conditions).
3. Wire Harness Manufacturing–Voltage and Current Capacity (Within Safe Limits)
Every cable assembly technically needs to transmit an electrical signal at a specified operating condition. Therefore, this will mean having higher quality conducting parts, insulation, and shielding materials. The voltage and current capacity of any wire harness will significantly depend on the manufacturing materials’ quality. All this is to achieve maximum signal reliability. As a rule of thumb, you should seek help from experts when choosing a material for harness wiring.
4. Wire Harness Manufacturing–Sheathing, Conducting, and Insulators
The wiring harness requires strong shielding, conducting, and insulating materials for their optimum performance. However, cables having these three capabilities are often quite expensive. They can perform under harsh environmental conditions because of their unique design. As such, you will find their use in military applications or other rare industrial applications.
These are the shielding capacity of the harness cables. They include:
4.1.1 Flame Retardancy
The sheaths are not affected by heat and flame. Hence, these are the best cables for use in a hot environment. You will typically find them in walls of hot machines with little to no consequences.
4.1.2 To Withstand A Specific Temperature
The sheaths can withstand both hot and cold environments. Hence, they typically have temperature specifications.
4.1.3 The Material Is Strong And Ribbed, or It May Be Thin and Elastic
The wire harness is reliable because of its unique construction material. The materials used in construction define the uses of the wire. Moreover, they avoid breakage and impart rigidity. Finally, they created twisted-pair systems for computer rooms and offices.
4.1.4 The Sheath That Protects The Cable Core From The Elements Is More Suitable For Outdoor Use
Cables for outdoor use depending on the environmental condition. The materials to be used for the construction are usually carefully selected. The outdoor wire harness must protect the inner conducting wires from heat, cold, and moisture.
4.2 Wire Harness Conductor
The wire harness conductor is an essential part of the whole conducting system. No conductor, no signal.
4.2.1 Copper Conductor for Use in Combination With Other Alloys or Chemicals
To avoid having an empty insulator case, you must utilize the best conducting material (copper). It is the best of quality as it reduces the loss of currents in all possible ways. Technically, alloys tend to be stronger than the single metal of the conducting stream.
4.2.2 A Copper Conductor Used in Combination With Steel or Other Alloys, Such As Zirconium
The steel combination is an awesome technological advancement in engineering material. This material offers durability to the harness cables and provides the best transmission.
These are shielding that covers the inner part of a wire. It has two basic functions. Firstly, it serves as a protection for the inner components. Secondly, it prevents the loss of signals and current in every way possible.
4.3.1 Working In The Extreme Temperature Range
Their design allows them to meet the operational standard of the working environment. And it includes working under hot conditions.
4.3.2 Working In The Non-High Temperature Range
The waterproof wire harness and the closed bundle wire harness are a great fit in a low-temperature environment.
5. Wire Harness Manufacturing–Environmental Endurance
All wiring harnesses for the automotive industries feature a design that allows them to function under harsh conditions. They also feature components that allow them to transmit an uninterrupted service and hence sustain heavy loads. Apart from the standard cable harness, there are unique varieties like bus and truck harnesses. They also range with wiring harnesses for four and two-wheelers.
5.1 Indoor or Outdoor
For indoor use, the flexible cables or the open bundle wiring harness will come in handy. However, you should install the lacing of the open bundle appropriately to ascertain proper space management.
In contrast, the outdoor recommended cables are the waterproof wire harness and the closed bundle harness.
5.2 Moisture or Heat Resistance
The best cables for moisture resistance are the waterproof and the closed bundle harness. In a heat resistance condition, you should avoid using the heat-shrink wires as they would damage.
5.3 Chemical Resistance
Generally, in clinics, the use of electrically-run chemical equipment is on the rise. The need to use chemical-resistant cables like the industrial closed bundle system is essential.
Security Certification (For All Applicable Security and Industry-Specific Regulations)
The Certifications might have no real meaning to other industries out there. Here in the technological world, these mean a lot more than the certificates. Consumers see these certifications as a reliable indicator of competency and professionalism.
Some certifications denote strict adherence to international standards.
Some of the certifications include:
- The UL Registration.
- RoHS compliance.
- The CSA International membership.
As a rule of thumb, take a look at the certifications of any potential company. These certifications can tell you a lot about the company’s priorities.
A wiring harness is a crucial tool when considering harsh environmental conditions, space maximization, and many more. Nevertheless, it is still essential to choose trusted manufacturers for your cabling projects. This article has covered everything you need to know about the wire harness.
Cloom Tech can help you handle your cabling projects. Contact us to make an order for your customized products.