MIDI Cable: An Excellent Guide to Choose the Cable You Need

The development of MIDI has changed the way we listen to electronic music today. Earlier, a musician could not plug two instruments of different brands to make music. But with MIDI, you can connect several of them to create music. From notes to vibrato, the cables are capable of carrying all kinds of messages.

So, how can we use MIDI cables to their full potential? Why do we need a MIDI interface? What are the benefits of MIDI? Where to custom MIDI Cable for your project? We will learn everything about MIDI in the following article.

MIDI cable

Chapter 1: About MIDI Cable

MIDI is a simple technique that helps you achieve many things in the music industry. A MIDI cable connects two different musical components of different brands. The MIDI cable can carry event messages, music data, vibrato, panning, and more. MIDI almost acts as a remote control for the music gear. You can play a keyboard and change the volume, pitch, and tempo of a note on the sound module. 

A MIDI cable transfers the messages in the form of data and not an audio signal. Therefore, it offers more control over the other equipment. A MIDI interface and MIDI controller are the end connectors of a MIDI cable. The cables connect the device to the MIDI interface through a 5-pin connector type. You need two of these cables per instrument to transmit and receive data. A MIDI cable makes a musician’s job much more manageable.

MIDI is a technical standard that connects electronic musical instruments and computers. It can either be a communication protocol, a digital interface, or an electrical connector.

MIDI can connect a variety of devices for playing, editing, and recording music. Also, a single MIDI link can connect with sixteen channels through a MIDI cable. Each of these channels connects a different set of instruments.

Earlier, the electronic musical instruments from different manufacturers couldn’t communicate with each other. However, a MIDI-compatible connector can connect any modules, synthesizers, drum machines, etc.

Chapter 2:  Do You Need MIDI Interface?

A MIDI Interface provides signals from a computer through one of the more popularly available 5-pin MIDI jacks. You can use these MIDI Interfaces to connect to any computer via USB. The interfaces are also useful with keyboards, pad controllers, and audio interfaces. You can then configure your studio or live rig whichever way you want to.

They are most convenient when you plan to use DAW to control MIDI-equipped hardware. If you cannot connect the hardware to your computer the easy way, you will need an interface. However, you may not need it if you have USB equipped keyboards and controllers. These instruments come with a built-in MIDI interface and don’t need it for a simple setup. But if you plan to use legacy gear, a dedicated interface might come in handy.

Chapter 3:  Types of MIDI Cable

A MIDI cable can carry messages in various ways, i.e., through a 5-pin cable, USB, and more. The speed of the transport determines the amount of data a MIDI cable can carry and receive. The types of MIDI cables are as follows:

USB cable –These connect the computer to other devices, including digital cameras and cell phones.  

HD 15 Monitor Cable – It is the most common cable. It’s blue. It communicates the image data to the monitor processor.

USB and FireWire – Music industry requires computers a lot. So, they need to be able to get the signals from an instrument as soon as possible. Thus, a MIDI USB cable helps connects musical instruments to the computers. It directly connects the host to the drivers, so you don’t need to configure it. The MIDI cable usually has a USB port on one end and a 5-pin one on the other.

Bluetooth – Everything works through Bluetooth today. Many software allows the use of Bluetooth. So the next time you are using sound recording software, don’t forget to check it out.

Chapter 4: MIDI Cable – Which Connectors do You Use it in?

A MIDI connector is at the end of every cable that can send or receive a signal. You can connect it to an audio device or a computer. It can be of the following types:


The 5-pin connector is one of the earliest MIDI connectors and the most common of all. It’s slower than the other high-speed digital transports like USB and ethernet. But it can manage communication speed effectively between two devices. Thus, a 5-pin cable is useful for connecting two MIDI devices without a computer. 

USB and FireWire:

Computers have USB and FireWire ports that do not need any configuration. It is, therefore, easier to connect a MIDI cable with a USB end between an instrument and a computer. One end of this cable has a USB connector, while the other has the 5-pin one. The best part about these connectors is that all you need to do is plug them and play your instrument. But you need to install a driver on your PC so that it understands the information that the MIDI cable sends.

Ethernet and WiFi:

You can connect your instruments with many computers with LAN. A LAN connector can connect the computers. These computers, in turn, connect with the devices. But, it’s not the fastest way to transport data. You might miss out on some information. Thus, a LAN is only advisable for big setups.

WiFi free

Bluetooth – Music creation can also happen on mobile devices now. Thus, you can now connect your instruments to your phone through Bluetooth. Many music-based applications on smartphones come equipped with the Bluetooth feature. It needs less battery than WiFi to operate and doesn’t get a lot of interference either. It’s also similar to WiFi in a way that it doesn’t guarantee the timely delivery of messages.

Chapter 5: MIDI In, MIDI Out and MIDI Thru

A MIDI port can send or receive electronic data from instruments. Each MIDI port type serves a different purpose, and here’s what they do.

MIDI In – MIDI In receives data from another device. A sequencer or other hardware can send instructions on your gear, and MIDI In will receive them.

MIDI Out – MIDI Out transfers data from an audio device to another source. For example, if you send some information from your synthesizer to outboard gear, you use MIDI Out. MIDI Out sends the information to the MIDI In of another gear. MIDI Out is usually for the use of DAW or sequencer. The other instruments use MIDI in or MIDI Thru.

MIDI Thru – Whatever data comes from the MIDI In port, MIDI Thru duplicates it. Thus, you can connect multiple devices without several ports on your sequencer. Most of the devices come with MIDI Thru capabilities. But, if they don’t, you can use a MIDI splitter. It gives one the option of multiple ports that send the information with MIDI Thru.

Chapter 6: Benefits of MIDI Cable

A MIDI setup can offer a lot more than just recording your audio tracks. MIDI allows you to edit your sound and performance continually. You don’t need to re-perform the part as well. From changing a piano sound to the chord progression, you can change anything on it. The simplest of MIDI loops can also turn into a multi-track studio in no time. MIDI can make every performance of yours better in the low time.

All you need is a computer and a MIDI controller. You can then create hundreds of tracks with a different sound for each of them. You can also add a synthesizer in the mix to get the full analog sound. You will be able to sequence, edit, and arrange your sound directly from the PC.

Chapter 7: Custom MIDI Cable — How Can We Help?

If you’re looking for a way to set up your musical instruments, we can help you with it. We will help you find the right MIDI cable as per your needs. We also customize the cables according to your needs easily.

You can then synthesize, edit, and produce your music. You can connect up to sixteen channels with your MIDI cable and produce music. You can contact us for any information that you may need about the MIDI cables.

computer unit ports


A MIDI cable can make the life of any musician easier. It is a great way to connect different musical instruments. You can also connect your connecter with a computer and produce music any time you want. The only issue is with a 5-pin connector is that it sends the data slow. The LAN or Bluetooth connection also doesn’t assure us of the right data transmission.

If you need MIDI cables or any help with them, try our services. We can set up everything for you, giving you time to relax and make your music.

Hey, I am John, General manager of Cloom and OurPCB.

I am a responsible, intelligent and experienced business professional with an extensive background in the electronics industry.

Reach me at sales@wiringo.com to get a quote for your projects.

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