9 Things to Know About Coaxial Cable Assemblies vs Twisted Pair Cable

Are you looking for the right networking cable? There are some things to consider first. In order to make the best decision, it is important to understand the options available for you. When networking, you can use either Twisted Pair cables or Coaxial Cable Assemblies. There are pros and cons to each choice. The need for a network cable can change depending on the situation.

For example, when wiring a small space‚ twisted pair cable is the most effective. The coaxial cable is thick and is not flexible enough.So‚ what would be the best network cable for your organization?

This guide will give you the answer.

1.Coaxial Cable Assemblies vs Twisted Pair Cable Variations in Shielding

Find the right coaxial cable
Alt – Find the right coaxial cable

First, Let’s talk about the anatomy of each cable.

Twisted pair has two types of cables. Those are; Unshielded Twisted Pair (UTP) and Shielded Twisted Pair (STP). The two cables differentiate when it comes to shielding. STP uses a metal shielding around each twisted pair. It is helpful to provide extra protection from noise‚ crosstalk and EMI. STP is more expensive than UTP because of this added protection.

UTP does not have any shielding method to prevent EMI. Yet‚ UTP can reduce the effect of EMI using the twisted pattern of the cables. STP cables have some shielding in place that can protect the data from EMI.

According to the level of shielding UTP and STP can divide into further categories. Higher-level shielding gives the most protection.

Coaxial cables transmit high-frequency signals such as video signals. It mainly uses for computer network connections‚ TV transmission and so on. This cable has a round copper conductor and three layers of insulation and shielding. Coaxial cables much more protected than Twisted Pair cables due to this.

The Twisted pair cable is a patch cable that has been around for a very long time. Like the name suggests‚ this cable has two twisted insulated wires. These run parallel with each other. This pattern helps reduce crosstalk and EMI to some extent.

You need to choose the right twisted pair for your business need. It could also be getting twisted pairs that have foil shields that. This type of cable also has an overall braid shield. Finally, some twisted pairs have foil shields. It also includes an overall foil shield and a braided shield.

Coaxial cable or coax uses an inner dielectric insulator and a woven copper shield. This shielding provides superior protection against disturbances.

2.Coaxial Cable Assemblies vs Twisted Pair Cable Advantage in Cable Length

Coaxial cables have better shielding. So‚ this cable is extremely reliable for long length transmission of data. The centre core can carry signals for up to 500m before it starts to attenuate.

Twisted pair cables can successfully transfer data if the cable length is below 100m. If the cable is longer‚ you would need repeaters and amplifiers to carry on the signal. It is because the signal will start to attenuate.

So‚ if you are looking to cover a long distance‚ coaxial cable is going to be more effective.

3.Coaxial Cable Assemblies vs Twisted Pair Cable Crosstalk

Finding networking cable right for you

Alt – Finding networking cable right for you

Twisted pair or coaxial‚ every cable is susceptible to crosstalk.

Sometimes a signal can get mixed up with a signal from another cable. This incidence is crosstalk. Crosstalk happens when many cables are running close to each other.

The parallel twisting pattern of the twisted pair cable can help reduce crosstalk. This method is somewhat effective. But‚ twisted pair cables are still very vulnerable to crosstalk.

The coaxial cable, on the other hand, is much more effective at reducing crosstalk. It has an efficient shielding in place, and this provides better protection to the data.

Do you have a lot of cables carrying different signals running around? Then, a coaxial cable may be a better choice.

4.Coaxial Cable Assemblies vs Twisted Pair Cable Signal Transmission Rates

Coaxial cables offer much higher transmission rates than that of Twisted pair cables. Twisted pair cables can only transfer up to 1000 Mbps(1 Gbps).

Comparatively‚ Coaxial cables offer almost 80 times more bandwidth than Twisted pair cables. The maximum transmission rate of the coaxial cable goes up to 100Mbps.

5.Coaxial Cable Assemblies vs Twisted Pair Cable Costing

Twisted pair cable is extremely affordable. Coaxial cables are more expensive in comparison. It is because Coaxial cables offer more bandwidth and better protection.

6.Coaxial Cable Assemblies vs Twisted Pair Cable Ease of Setup and Installation

Check how easy it is to set up the networking cable
Alt – Check how easy it is to set up the networking cable.

Are you looking to use the networking cable for a while? You need it to be sturdy then. Because of the thin physical structure, a twisted pair cable is easier to install. The installation process is quick and affordable.

Coaxial cables are difficult to install. The installation process is also expensive.

7.Coaxial Cable Assemblies vs Twisted Pair Cable Sensitivity to EMI‚ Noise Elimination

EMI is a disturbance caused by external sources such as thunderstorms or cell phones. It can cause errors and affect the transmission quality of cables.

Noise happens when stray signals generated inside the cables affect the data transmission. External sources can affect the cables and produce noises randomly.

In coaxial cables, EMI and Noise interference is low. It is because of the proper insulation and shielding available on the cables. In Twisted pair cables‚ the susceptibility to noise and EMI is very high in comparison.

If the environment has low interference‚ Twisted pair cables are a good pick.

Are there some EMI sources that can potentially disrupt the transmission?

Then coaxial cable might be the right cable for you.

8.Coaxial Cable Assemblies vs Twisted Pair Cable Data Security

Data security for networking cables
Alt – Data security for networking cables

Coaxial cables have better shielding than Twisted pair cables. Because of this, they naturally provide better data security from external sources.

But‚ coaxial cables are still susceptible to tapping. You can tap into a coaxial cable simply by piercing the sheath of the cable. The physical setup of twisted pair cables can make it a little trickier to tapping.

When connecting computers to computers, coaxial cables are the norm to use. But‚ Twisted pair cables normally connect computers to hubs‚ switches and so on. Therefore‚ tapping into a Twisted pair cable can make the network more vulnerable.

Coaxial cables give better security when compared to twisted pair cables. But‚, the best thing you can do is keep your data protected is to provide protection physically.

9.Coaxial Cable Assemblies vs Twisted Pair Cable Data Video and Audio Transmission

Coaxial cable generally uses to transfer high-frequency signals. They generally carry around 80 times the data transmitted by Twisted pair cables.

But‚ the twisted pair cable is effective in audio transmission. Telecommunication companies generally use Twisted pair cables for telephone transmission.

If your organization has a high volume of calls‚ the Twisted pair cable may not be sufficient. But‚ the Twisted pair cable is more than enough to handle moderate amounts of voice data.


Choose the right network cable
Alt – Choose the right network cable

When choosing the right cable for your network, there are some facts you need to consider. Your needs may differ depending on the factors we mentioned above.

We hope you enjoyed getting to know a thing or two about coaxial cables and twisted pair cables.

Cabling is a very important part of networking. Finding the right fit cable is going to be effective in cutting back unnecessary costs. With right cabling, you can ensure that your network is at its best performance.

That is why you need an expert manufacturer for your custom cable needs. We at custom wiring harness and cable assembly supplier. We are ready to launch your business on the fast track to success.

To find the best solution for your cabling needs‚ contact Cloom Tech today!

Hey, I am John, General manager of Cloom and OurPCB.

I am a responsible, intelligent and experienced business professional with an extensive background in the electronics industry.

Reach me at sales@wiringo.com to get a quote for your projects.

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